When the World Economic Forum’s Global Future Council on Transparency and Anti-Corruption gathered in Dubai last November, a pandemic was the last thing on our minds. We had been tasked by the World Economic Forum to think creatively and broadly about the future of integrity across institutions and cultures, and we spent three days doing just that. It quickly became clear to us that shaping a new approach to business integrity ought to be our top priority.
If we are to meet our most pressing development challenges, including the Sustainable Development Goals, tackling corruption and abuse of power is a prerequisite. In other words, eliminating corruption would instantly cover the cost of each of the other goals. We all agreed that while the narrow, legalistic framing of anti-bribery efforts has led to impressive progress, it will not suffice for the 2020s. To drive meaningful change, businesses need to think more systemically about their relationship with society. They need to broaden their understanding of integrity to include building and retaining public trust, and this will require greater effort than simply meeting legal requirements.
Now we find ourselves in a remarkable crisis, with the Covid-19 coronavirus threatening to devastate most countries’ economies and health systems. Suddenly we can see how our governments and businesses perform in real time: which are rising to the occasion, which failing? Almost every news outlet has published a list of corporate saints and sinners in the past week.
Companies retooling to provide essential medical equipment, or taking active steps to protect their workers, are commended. Those that simply shut down, furlough staff, or force anxious workers to show up are being roundly criticized. To record how businesses treat their stakeholders during this crisis, the organization Just Capital has launched a tracking tool.
All this comes shortly after the responsible investment world, laser-focused on climate change in recent years, broadened its range to encompass labor rights, with particular consideration of gig economy employees who lack sick leave or other benefits. The popular understanding of “business integrity” has gone far beyond the boundaries of any best-practice anti-corruption program.
In this context, our new agenda for business integrity is more relevant than ever. The agenda has four pillars, and we will put forth more practical guidance on each of them over the next several months. We believe that business leaders must:
- Commit to ethics and integrity beyond mere legal compliance, including a focus on the negative human rights impacts of corruption.
- Strengthen corporate culture and incentives to drive continuous improvement, including taking advantage of insights from behavioral ethics to build stronger corporate approaches.
- Leverage technologies to reduce the scope of corruption, recognizing that technology tools provide unprecedented opportunities to tackle corruption, while also opening up new avenues for abuse of power.
- Support collective action to drive scale and impact—a huge opportunity for the transparency and anti-corruption movement, where far more rapid progress is needed.
A stunned and needy world is watching closely as businesses strive to cope with this emergency. How companies conduct themselves within and without will help determine their future societal value. The public will assess whether enterprises deserve to survive.
A gulf is opening between those that protect their employees and emphasize the longer term and those that prioritize short-term shareholder interests. Covid-19’s trajectory and potential have sharpened our focus, making a new agenda for business integrity more important than ever.
To help businesses transition to the heightened emphasis on corporate integrity (above and beyond strictly legal requirements) that you outline, Alison, internal and external advisors should consider using non-legal business standards and methodologies. Examples include ISO 37001 Anti-bribery management systems – https://www.iso.org/iso-37001-anti-bribery-management.html and http://www.iso37001info.org/ – going to your 1st and 2nd bullets, and the World Bank Institute’s FIGHTING CORRUPTION THROUGH COLLECTIVE ACTION – A Guide for Business – going to your 4th bullet https://www.globalcompact.de/wAssets/docs/Korruptionspraevention/Publikationen/fighting_corruption_through_collective_action.pdf
For business leaders, these materials are plain-English and practical guides that demystify important anti-corruption areas. For practitioners (e.g. legal, internal audit, risk management) the materials provide not just the “what” and “why”, but also the “how to.” Both sources are the products of lengthy, collaborative efforts involving business and legal experts from around the globe (I was part of both efforts) and are in use internationally by large and small businesses.
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