Since 2001, private Italian companies have been encouraged — through legislative initiatives — to adopt and implement robust compliance programs. Legislative Decree No. 231 of June 8, 2001 (commonly referred to as “Law 231”) allows private companies that chose to adopt specific compliance programs and mechanisms to avoid corporate liability where certain offenses are committed in the interest of the corporation by its directors or employees. … Continue Reading
Companies from the oil and gas industry have disclosed 28 open and ongoing FCPA-related investigations.
Writing from 2018, it seems rather unnecessary to keep opening academic articles on corruption by introducing the reader to its social, political, and economic significance—the phenomenon is today so ingrained in popular scholarly thought that there is hardly an individual who needs to be convinced about the position of society at large in regards to public and private malfeasance.… Continue Reading