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This is the second post in a series based on research conducted for the China Anti-Corruption Handbook.
Who are China’ modern-day five generals of anti-corruption enforcement?
We surveyed data from every province to locate the hot spots of enforcement for 2011. Then we researched the top anti-corruption officials in each area.
Now, meet the generals:
1) HE GUOQIANG 贺国强
China’s discipline inspection committees investigated 137,859 cases last year
Bio: He Guoqiang is the 8th member of the CPC Politburo Standing Committee. As secretary of the Central Committee for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), he is in charge of disciplinary matters within the Communist Party. These matters are mostly linked to corruption. He was previously Party secretary of Chongqing (1999-2002), governor and deputy Party secretary of Fujian (1996-1999), deputy minister of Ministry of Chemical Industry (1991-1996), and Party secretary of Jinan (1987-1991). He is expected to step down in the upcoming 18th CPC National Congress in November.
Quote: “The state of corruption among CPC cadres is still very serious, and combating corruption remains a tough challenge.”
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2) GUANGDONG PROVINCE
ZHENG HONG 郑红
Presided over the launch of 1,393 corruption investigations last year
Guangdong Province People’s Procuratorate Procurator-General
Zheng Hong is the Chief Procurator and Party secretary of the Guangdong People’s Procuratorate since Jan 2008, and also Secretary-General of the Guangdong Political and Law Committee since 2003. Zheng worked in Guangdong Political and Law Committee from 1984-1999 and 2003-2007, and served in the Guangdong Public Security Bureau from 1999-2003.
Quote: “I feel sad when I see officials stumble in the face of corruption. The reason for them to tread the corruption path is due to a dipping of self-expectations, putting themselves into boundaries beyond the line of supervision.”
Guangdong’s top industries for corruption (by amt. of money involved): 1) Basic Materials; 2) Consumer Services
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3) HUBEI PROVINCE
Hubei Province People’s Procuratorate Procurator-General
Presided over the launch of 1,236 corruption investigations last year
Bio: Jing Dali is the the Chief Procurator and Party secretary of the Hubei People’s Procuratorate since Jan 2008. He began his career in the procuratorates in 1985, serving in the Supreme People’s Procuratorate (SPP) as legal research cadres, section head, deputy department head, Anti-Corruption Bureau deputy director, Job-Related Crimes Prevention Division chief, and also a member of the SPP Procuratorial Committee until Dec 2005.
Quote: “There are currently many issues which can affect law enforcement, and there is a need to develop a law for the supervision of procuratorates to ensure effective legal enforcement.”
Hubei’s top industries for corruption (by amt. of money involved): 1) Industrials; 2) Basic Materials
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4) JIANGSU PROVINCE
XU AN 徐安
Jiangsu Province People’s Procuratorate Procurator-General
Presided over the launch of 1,375 corruption investigations last year
Bio: Xu An has been Chief Procurator and Party secretary of the Jiangsu People’s Procuratorate since Jan 2008. Prior to his procuratorate appointment, Xu served in various positions related to the Ministry of State Security (including chief of research office, chief of General Office, director of the 10th Bureau of State Security, and chief and Party secretary of Guangdong Province Department of State Security) from 1982 to 2007.
Quote: “Officials should not simply treat petitioners as troublemakers or bad civilians, but must know that these people are important to us, and ask why are they unhappy?”
Jiangsu’s top industries for corruption (by amt. of money involved): 1) Industrials; 2) Financials
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5) JILIN PROVINCE
YANG KEQIN 杨克勤
Jilin Province People’s Procuratorate Procurator-General
Presided over the launch of 1,275 corruption investigations last year
Bio: Yang Keqin has been Chief Procurator and Party secretary of the Jilin People’s Procuratorate since Feb 2012. He served in the Central Political and Law Committee from 1994 to 2012 in various positions before being transferred to Jilin. Yang began his political career in Anhui Province in 1978.
Quote: “The Procuratorate policemen must always be respectful and fearful of their power, of the law, and of history, and when facing any illegal incidents, they must hold firm and resolutely purge the black sheep.”
Jilin’s top industries for corruption (by amt. of money involved): 1) Financials; 2) Consumer Goods
Benjamin Kessler is a contributing editor of the FCPA Blog and the editor of the China Anti-Corruption Handbook. For a limited time, purchasers of a corporate FCPA Blog membership will receive the handbook at no additional charge.