Earlier this month, Senator Emilio Gamboa Patron from Mexico’s Revolutionary Institutional Party (PRI), said two anti-corruption proposals from President-elect Enrique Pena Nieto will be introduced to the national legislature in the next 15 days.
The first proposal would strengthen the power of the Federal Institute of Access to Information and Data Protection (IFAI). That agency currently oversees 440 units of the Federal Public Administration but has no jurisdiction in matters related to the Legislative and Judiciary Power, the Judicial Council and autonomous bodies.
The second proposal would create a National Anti-Corruption Commission. It would replace the current Public Function Secretary, and have exclusive jurisdiction in corruption cases involving federal officials. It would also have broad powers to investigate allegations like those leveled against Wal-Mart (or Walmex) earlier this year.
The proposals would help clean up the PRI’s corrupt image. The party was accused of irregularities and corruption during the presidential campaign. The initiative also responds to criticisms that Mexico’s federal system leaves huge gaps in enforcement.
Since Mexico’s democratic transition, anti-corruption efforts at the federal level haven’t been matched at the state and municipal level. And fragmented federal enforcement has created power vacuums that have been exploited by organized crime groups, including the violent drug gangs.
Maria Dolores Hernandez J. is a researcher for the membership area of the FCPA Blog.