Nearly half of Vietnam’s companies said they have had to bribe officials in order to do business, according to a survey released last month by the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
The survey results, reported by the VOA, showed big compliance risks for companies operating in Vietnam.
Of the 270 businesses, entrepreneurs, and business associations interviewed, about half said they had to pay bribes to officials in return for the right to bid on contracts for public sector work. The bribes consisted of cash, luxury items, or holiday packages, they said.
Here are some of the numbers:
- 80% of the businesses reported their operations had been negatively affected by corruption.
- 63% of the respondents said that the system of licensing a business was too confusing and was a leading reason for the graft.
- 40% of the businesses polled said ‘unofficial’ expenses account for 1% of their annual operating costs, while 13% of respondents said the rate was as high as 5% of costs.
- 50% said they couldn’t obtain a loan without paying a ‘tip’ to officers at the bank.
- 87% of the businesses surveyed said corruption in Vietnam was a result of legal loopholes exploited by corrupt state officials, while 75% said ineffective law enforcement had allowed the spread of corruption.
- 66% of the respondents said low salaries for civil servants are among the main causes of corruption.